A distinct forest tree in Ontario identifiable by its deeply broken, grey-black bark. In early growth they resemble young birch. Fruit production begins within 10 years, becoming abundant around 30 years, continuing for over 100 years. Feeding wildlife as well as humans. Falling fruit can be gathered by laying tarps on the ground near the base of mature trees. Wood and leaves, fragrant when crushed are toxic to wildlife if eaten in any quantity, not recommend for planting near live stock. White flowers in spring. Simple, glossy leaves, grows well in the company of maples, oaks, ironwood, and ash.