A long-lived giant at home in the mountains of Europe. Important in the lumber industry with strong lightweight wood. Deep tap root stabilizes steep banks. Branches that spiral upward around the truck. Smooth grey bark with resinous blisters, becoming deeply plated with a square pattern in old age. Regularly spaced needles appear like a comb, deep green from above and silver from below. Once the favourite Christmas tree in Europe. Conical growth habit.